Multiperiod Production with Forward and Options Markets

Lence, Sergio H.; Sakong, Yong; Hayes, Dermot J.

American Journal of Agricultural Economics Vol. 76 no. 2 (May 1994): 286-295.

Production and hedging in both forward and options markets are analyzed for forward-looking firms that maximize expected utility. In the presence of unbiased forward and options prices, it is shown that such firms will use options as hedging instruments. This result contrasts with the conclusions from studies that assume myopic behavior, and occurs because forward-looking agents care about the effect of future output prices on profits from future production cycles. Simulations support the theoretical results and show how the introduction of an options market influences the optimal forward position.

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