Chinhui Juhn (University of Houston)

Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:40 pm to 5:00 pm

Dr. Chinhui JuhnDescription: Virtual Department Seminar: Chinhui Juhn
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"Task Requirements, Time Requirements, and the Gender Gap in Jobs and Pay"

Abstract: Non-routine cognitively demanding jobs require cognitive ability as well as non-routine hours. In this paper we study the implications of this complementarity on the gender gap in occupational choices and pay. If women have a comparative dis-advantage in providing non-routine hours, they are less likely to sort into highly paying jobs which require both cognitive ability and non-routine hours. Using DOT and O*NET data and measures of time requirements at the occupational level we indeed find that non-routine cognitive task requirements are highly correlated with time requirements. We also find that women are less likely to sort into non-routine cognitive tasks, and more likely to sort into routine tasks. Using the NLSY, we find that this gender gap in sorting into non-routine cognitive tasks is especially pronounced among high AFQT women and men. These forces play an important role in accounting for the slowdown in the convergence of occupational sorting and wages.

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