The Trade and Welfare Impact of Australian Quarantine Policies: The Case of Pigmeat
Beghin, John C.; Melatos, Mark
World Economy Vol. 35 no. 8 (August 2012): 1006-1021. (Originally published as WP #11014, January 2012)
Abstract: We analyze the trade and welfare impact of quarantine measures imposed by Australiaon imports of pigmeat. In particular, we account for changes to Australia’s pigmeat quarantinepolicy over time including those changes related to the recent resolution of a WTO disputebetween Australia and the European Union. Using a random utility model, and applying it tocorner solutions in import decisions, tariff equivalents (by major trading partner) are estimatedfor the different pigmeat quarantine regimes implemented by Australia during the period 1988-2009. The welfare impact on consumers, producers, and foreign exporters is computed using apartial equilibrium model calibrated on the econometric estimates. The quarantine regimes havea strong effect on trade and welfare with a tariff equivalent above 113% of average real worldprices over the period analyzed.
JEL Classification: F13, F14, Q17
Keywords: pigmeat, pork, australia, non-tariff measure, NTM, quarantine, import ban, tradePublished Version